In 1912, a letter about the book of abraham was published by arthur cruttenden mace, assistant curator in the department of egyptian art in new yorks metropolitan museum of art. The book has five chapters, 4 and is often accompanied by three facsimiles, or reproductions of vignettes which were copied from the original papyri. Egyptian facsimiles in the book of abraham by thebackyardprofessor. The book has five chapters, and is often accompanied by three facsimiles, or reproductions of vignettes which were copied from the original papyri. The chaldeans first appeared in the 9th century bce, years before abraham supposedly lived. Apologetics press facsimile 1 from the book of abraham. Joseph smith and the lds church for over 170 years have claimed that the book of abraham is a translation of a portion of the papyri scrolls purchased by the church in 1835 kirtland, ohio, and that this portion contains the writings of abraham written by abrahams own hand. There is much about the book of abraham and the facsimiles that is unconventional and not readily explained. A facsimile from the book of abraham church of jesus christ. Reference to kolob is found in the book of abraham described here a work published by joseph smith, jr. Copy of book of abraham manuscript and explanation to accompany facsimile 1.
To find these four old friends at home in the apocalypse of abraham is an undeniable link between the book of abraham and the book of the dead. Mormon handbook the book of abraham since abraham lived before moses, who authored the torah the first five books of the old testament, it would make the papyrus older than the book of genesis. This is the figure that you identify as a man that is sitted in the middle. Joseph smith recorded his explanations before egyptian writing was known in america. Unfortunately for joseph smith both the recovered papyri and the facsimiles published with the book of abraham bear no direct connection, either historical or textual, to abraham. Explores the joseph smith papyrus and demonstrates that joseph smiths claim that he had translated the book of abraham from it was a fabrication. Why would only the supposed papyrus from 2,000 bc be destroyed in the fire. According to smith, the book comprised ancient records. Beginning in 1839, church of jesus christ of latterday saints purchased lands in earlier settlement of commerce and planned settlement of commerce city, as well as surrounding areas. Not all collectors think positively of facsimile editions. The idolatrous priest of elkenah attempting to offer up abraham as a sacrifice. Translation and historicity of the book of abraham the university. As for the egyptian facsimiles published with the book of abraham see. The extant papyri were not used in the translation and the actual book of abraham text most likely is in the missing portions.
We read in our scriptures that the book of abraham was written by the hand abraham upon papyrus. Abrahams name does not appear anywhere in the papyri or the facsimiles. Awesome, ive been waiting for years for someone with more artistic ability than i to tint these facsimiles with color. The problems are by no means limited to the facsimiles, since the text itself includes. Translation published as book of abraham 1844 papyri sold after josephs death 1858 english translation of rosetta stone complete 1860 egyptologists identify book of abraham facsimiles as common funerary documents. The recent web posting on the book of abraham by the church of jesus christ of latterday saints hereafter the lds church represents new reflection on a document whose authenticity as verifiable history is now officially acknowledged to be in serious dispute. The facsimiles, as published in the pearl of great price, are identical to those found with the papyri, and are consistent with the egyptian book of breathings. Book of abraham, which included letters from eight egyptologists and semitists who had responded to his inquiry concerning the interpretations of the three facsimiles published with the book of abraham text. The three facsimiles from the book of abraham provo, ut. The book of abraham is a work produced between 1835 and 1842 by joseph smith based.
The restorations on facsimile 2 are limited to the filling. About five years after the three facsimiles were published in. Teaching the book of abraham facsimiles 117 questions raised by the papyri these egyptian documents can be reliably dated to somewhere between 220 and 150 b. Source note book of abraham and facsimiles, nauvoo principal gathering place for saints following expulsion from missouri. Book of abrahamjoseph smith papyrifacsimiles fairmormon. Why would joseph smith have used a piece of the papyrus as a source for the book of abraham that was not directly next to facsimile 1 which is where the sensen portion is when facsimile 1 is what we have as the beginning of the book of abraham. Book of abrahamjoseph smith papyrifacsimilesfacsimile 3. However, facsimile 3 also shows anubis, yet smith made him out to be a tinyheaded, racist caricature of an african slave. Replicas of that original papyrus still exist as facsimiles in lds scriptures. The truth about the book of abraham mormonism disproved.
Abraham s name does not appear anywhere in the papyri or the facsimiles. Book of abraham and facsimiles, 1 march16 may 1842, page 784. Joseph smith owned a copy of this book and is the astronomy source for chapter 3 of the book of abraham. Joseph smiths interpretation of these cuts is a farrago of nonsense from beginning to end. The altar for sacrifice by the idolatrous priests, standing before the gods of elkenah, libnah, mahmackrah, korash, and pharaoh. Book of abrahamjoseph smith papyrifacsimilesfacsimile 1. Thompson in the entry on the facsimiles from the book of abraham in the encyclopedia ofmormonism we are told that the prophets explanations of each of the facsimiles accord with present understanding of egyptian religious practice. In the book of abraham also we are told that the plan of the cosmos, represented by facsimile no. Stenhouse published his book, the rocky mountain saints.
I think it will be relatively easy to convince you that the facsimiles are not good reproductions of the original papyri and hypocephalus. It is for this kind of book that the facsimile edition was created, allowing collectors of moderate means to experience the classics as they were originally intended. In the book of abraham, joseph included three facsimiles of illustrations from the papyri, along with commentary about what the images and their individual parts represented. Translation and historicity of the book of abraham a. If you follow carefully through the printed explanation of facsimile no. Book of abraham and facsimiles, 1 march16 may 1842, page 703. The book of abraham was published in the churchs periodical times and. Remember, joseph smith said this is heavenly father revealing the grand key words of the priesthood, with the sign of the holy ghost in the form of a dove.
Egyptologists react to the book of abraham zelph on the shelf. The mormon god and a phallic god could be considered one and the same. A study guide to the facsimiles of the book of abraham shows the meaning of every character in the facsimiles and helps readers comprehend their great value. Fairs apologetics regarding the book of abraham offends intellect. Kolob is a star or planet described in mormon scripture. Download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets. As translated by the prophet joseph smith, they bear witness of the gospel as had by adam, noah, and other ancient patriarchs. I knew that the current canonized book of abraham is only about 25% of what joseph translated the rest being lost. Death blow to mormonism the book of abraham is a fake. Suite 100 chicago, il 60642 this location is ada compliant. Evidence from multiple sources suggests that js may have produced other abraham material that is no longer extant. Mar 19, 2011 unfortunately for joseph smith both the recovered papyri and the facsimiles published with the book of abraham bear no direct connection, either historical or textual, to abraham. His book was republished four times by the year 1905.
Revelations and translations, volume 4 is one of just a handful of volumes in the joseph smith papers to be presented as a facsimile editionwith fullcolor. Book of abraham joseph smith approved the facsimiles before they were published in the times and seasons. Book of abraham and related manuscripts volume now available. Book of abraham facsimiles by james david off site photographs and images of the facsimiles. Jsp i, 1842 and 1907 versions of facsimile 1 12627. I return herewith, under separate cover, the pearl of great price. An approach to the book of abraham byu scholarsarchive. A study guide to the facsimiles of the book of abraham. Examination of the book of abraham facsimiles youtube. Disproves lds claims that joseph smith received the book of abraham through revelation and proves that joseph smiths source for his translation was a pagan egyptian text, the book of breathings. Time in the garden of eden was according to the time of kolob.
Critical appraisal of the book of abraham wikipedia. Some of josephs interpretations are similar to those of trained egyptologists, but most are not. For details and some intriguing answers, see some puzzles from the joseph smith papyri by dr. Mormon handbook the book of abraham facsimiles published in the book of abraham are three facsimiles copied from the papyrus along with josephs interpretations of them. In the entry on the facsimiles from the book of abraham in the encyclopedia of mormonism we are told that the prophets explanations of each of the facsimiles accord with present understanding of egyptian religious practice. This is a remarkable statement in view of the fact that nonmormon egyptologists who have commented on joseph smiths. Joseph smith recorded his explanations before egyptian. Obviously, joseph smith meant the facsimiles as illustrations for or. Debunking fairmormon letter to a ces director book of abraham.
Book of abraham and egyptian material the joseph smith papers. Apr 03, 2009 contained in the book of abraham are 3 facsimiles of drawings from egyptian papyri. The book of abraham is a book of lds scripture that joseph smith translated from a collection of ancient egyptian papyri the church purchased. A full and complete history of the mormons, which republished deverias study of the book of abraham facsimiles. The book of abraham is a work produced between 1835 and 1842 by the latter day saints lds movement founder joseph smith that he said was based on egyptian papyri purchased from a traveling mummy exhibition. Manuscripts for the contents of both facsimile 3 and the last nine verses in the times and seasons version of the book of abraham currently abraham 4. It is claimed that facsimile 1 is simply a typical funerary scene and there are many other papyri showing the same basic scene, and that the missing portions of the drawing were incorrectly restored. A journal of mormon thought, spring, 1995 by his own hand upon papyrus. In this publication was printed the little book of abraham, together with the three facsimile illustrations. Book of abraham facsimile 2 that one mission thing. Direct egyptological meaning the book of abraham facsimiles series kindle edition by travis goodsell.
According to smith, kolob is the heavenly body nearest to the throne or residence of god. Some book of abraham editions in facsimile 2 show min without the pornography. It is evident that the writings of abraham while he was in egypt, of which our printed book of abraham is a copy, must of necessity be older than. According to smith, the book was a translation of some ancient records. Contained in the book of abraham are 3 facsimiles of drawings from egyptian papyri. I recently received an idea i would like to comment on and test. Obviously, joseph smith meant the facsimiles as illustrations for or additions to the text, and not as being authored by abraham. Pt 1 proving book of abraham facsimiles by thebackyardprofessor. There is some evidence that josephs explanations should be taken seriously. Abraham sitting upon pharaohs throne, by the politeness of the king, with a crown upon his head, representing the priesthood, as emblematical of the grand presidency in heaven. The scene depicted is a known egyptian vignette which egyptologists state has nothing to do with abraham. Those who are dedicated to the authenticity of the book of abraham are not in agreement regarding how to explain the inconsistencies from the analysis of these new papyri. Unsurprisingly, there are no nonlds egyptologists and almost no lds egyptologists who accept joseph smiths translations of the facsimiles as correct.25 1147 764 960 1095 539 633 361 1085 67 497 672 1452 624 447 926 1278 1570 750 1486 683 752 243 526 1253 1367 583 940 323 1412